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新印象派运动的最佳代外、法邦画家马克西米利安·卢斯油画作品鉴赏

时间:2021-10-08 21:47人气:编辑:admin

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  马克西米利安·朱尔斯·康斯坦·卢斯(Maximilien-Jules-Constant Luce, 1858年3月13日至1941年2月6日)是一位多产的法国新印象派艺术家。1858年3月13日他出生在法国巴黎,他的父母是铁路职员。他们住在巴黎工人阶层聚居的蒙帕纳斯区。

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  卢斯以其绘画,插图,版画和图形艺术而闻名。他从雕刻师开始,然后专注于绘画,首先是印象派,然后是点画派,最后回到印象派。卢斯在他的长期职业生涯中描绘了各种各样的主题。他最常创作风景,但他的其他作品包括肖像、静物(尤其是花卉)、家庭场景(如沐浴者)以及焊工、轧机操作员和其他工人的作品。

  卢斯是新印象派画家中生产力最高的画家之一,创作了两千多幅油画,相当多的水彩画,水粉画,粉彩和素描,以及一百多幅版画。在奥赛博物馆评估卢斯为“新印象派运动的最佳代表之一”。尽管他在法国曾举办过许多个人展览,但直到1997年在曼哈顿的Wildenstein&Company举行回顾展后,美国才首次出现。《巴黎圣母院》( 1900年作),于2011年5月在拍卖会上以420万美元的价格售出,刷新了卢斯(Luce)的作品纪录。

  点彩即将不同色彩以点状并列、重叠,通过观赏者的视觉合成画面,是一种结合了色彩科学的技巧。暖色调的大教堂以垂直方向在画面中间,阴影处冷色调的桥和堤岸处于水平位置与教堂形成对比平衡,络绎往来的行人是巴黎的普通市民,包括穿着讲究的中产阶级、买菜的仆人、手牵手的婆孙、送货小贩。

  早期作品,纯色色彩的不规则重叠呈现深度透视的城市街景,动感的行人穿梭,突破古典规律限制,接受新印象画派风格,同时保持了色彩组合的自由发挥。

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